If I were responsible for writing gun laws in Canada, this would be my "rough notes" for the new laws.
Here is what I believe about the ownership and licensing of guns in Canada?
I believe you should have a license to own and use a firearm and this license is two grades – “in training” (required to take initial firearms licensing courses) and “certified” 18-years-old plus (trained to own and use firearms).
Training should be extensive classroom and in-field up to forty hours at cost. Retraining/recertification should be completed every ten years up to age 65 then every five years after age 65.
“In training” rules are stricter, but a 16 to 18 year old can be “in training” provided they complete their forty consecutive hour training courses during that time. Passing the course only at age 18. So for 16-18 they can be with someone fully licensed while they themselves are not fully licensed and operate a firearm.
At age 18, ready or not, they have to complete their training courses. “In training” licenses should be renewed yearly at a cost high enough to compel the individual to complete the proper training courses and achieve “certified” status. This would include thorough background checks (police, mental health, of the license applicant and anyone residing with the individual). The condition that an individual in the residence does not pass background checks could be remedied by storing the firearms in a different location. It would really depend on how negative the results of that background check were. Obviously if someone in the house had previously committed gun or weapons offenses this would affect the related individual who is applying for a firearms license or permit.
A permit, which must record an inventory of the firearms owned by the individual, must include a section permitting the transport of said firearms. This provision is required to transport a firearm from a seller to the individual’s property. The permit only “updates” when a firearm is bought or sold. As with a license it must be “on your person” at all times when transporting firearms.
A concealed carry license, which is the regular “on person” transport of a small firearm, must be renewed every ten years up to age 65 then every five years after age 65. This is a provision added to the certification license.
Save “automatic” (prohibited) firearms and “concealed carry” firearms there are no restrictions on firearms types or clips owned by the individual. Training must cover all types.
The paperwork (in conclusion):
Certification license granting individual right to own and use a firearm.
License provision allowing an individual to conceal carry a firearm (limited).
Permit granting an individual right to own a specific one or collection of firearms.
Permit provision allowing an individual to transport one or several firearms.
Natives would have no special provisions or allowances. You want to own or use a gun in Canada you follow the laws of Canada like everyone else. And, that being said, no province/territory nor the Federal government can give any individual ethnic group or religion special privileges over another. All are equal.
As to firearms themselves I maintain three classes:
Basic - all firearms including concealable
Restricted - those which can be "modified" to operate in an "automatic" capacity (noted in the permit obtained by individual)
Prohibited - "automatic", those capable of firing multiple rounds at one pull of the trigger or multiple rounds in a period of time to be reasonably considered as "automatic" (say for example if you can fire off 10 rounds in 7 seconds each with a pause between that's still automatic). I leave that up to people who know more about guns (not just the RCMP) to decide.
I would have a council (in each province) oversee firearms and licensing consisting of registered firearms advocacy groups, law enforcement and politicians. All would play a role in determining what is and is not legal in Canada (specifically firearms types and capabilities) by deciding what they would want to have in their own provinces/territories. This would give provinces/territories more input into Federal laws. A council at the Federal level would take this input and create national laws and standards which must include and be limited to only the input they have received. They can not arbitrarily add things to the rules provinces/territories come up with.
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